Population in European cities increases more and more and so the dependence to infrastructures to travel. In a context of urban sprawl confronted to the double effect of fuel prices increase and new working hours, the treatment of mobility constitutes a fundamental component of our territories attractiveness, as seen in a previous post. Energy Efficiency in public transport is a key leverage to improve attractivity.
The question of mobility is also asked in environmental terms; public transit networks are tremendous tools to reduce CO2 emissions and local pollutions. The fight against global warming will be determining for the evolution of transport.
The issue for tomorrow is therefore to develop public transportation on national and European levels with the financing of big infrastructures networks, and on a local level with local policies regarding mobility (like Urban Mobility Plan) that will apply general and specific measures to improve mobility in the cities.
Quality urban transports, connecting the different parts of the city and additional infrastructures like multi-modal platforms will have to be set up to facilitate mobility within the town (choice of trips, schedules regularity, interconnections reliability, development of multi-modal platforms, picture of the transport mode chosen, etc.) and to guarantee thus the comfort of the users.
Like every other energy-consuming systems such as Buildings, Industries, Public Lighting, public transport provides the opportunity to reduce energy consumption through well-thought-out policies and infrastructures. Thus, you can:
- reduce the transport needs by promoting home office and remote work (mainly for office workers), centralizing some activities (shopping, schools and offices in the same area), promoting trade through the Internet (especially services);
- increase the system’s yield by improving the service vehicles (mor shared cars) and choose less polluting fuel (even green electrical cars), developing public transit, and scheduling regular road maintenance;
- improve behaviours by promoting new movement concepts (such as car pooling, bicycles renting systems, or electric cars rental sharing systems), building new parking lots outside city centres, labelling private and public transportations according to their emissions, raising awareness to improve the users’ behaviour, and installing urban traffic management systems
In forthcoming posts, we’ll present relevant feeback based on past experiences.
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